Active substance: Nitrofurantoin

Dosage: 100 mg, 50 mg

Price: €47.39 – €254.61

One day the signs of acute cystitis are discovered. Of course, various painkillers can help to alleviate the symptoms, but only a medicine with a strong antimicrobial effect can really bring the condition to a halt.

Nitrofurantoin is an effective antibiotic with the same active ingredient that is used in United Kingdom to treat infections of the genitourinary system.

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What is Nitrofurantoin and why is it used?

Nitrofurantoin is an effective drug with a fairly broad spectrum of action, which has a bacteriostatic and bactericidal effect on urinary tract infections.

What are the indications for the use of Nitrofurantoin?

The drug has proven efficacy against urinary tract infections and inflammatory diseases such as pyelitis, pyelonephritis, cystitis, urethritis. It is also actively used to prevent infections during urological operations or examinations (cystoscopy and catheterisation).

Are there any contraindications to taking Nitrofurantoin?

Unfortunately, there is no one drug that is suitable for everyone. Like other medicines, nitrofurantoin has certain contraindications for use. For example, its use is prohibited in cases of hypersensitivity to the components of the medicinal product, significant renal dysfunction, oliguria (decreased urine excreted by the kidneys), anuria (absence of urine supply to the bladder when the amount of urine excreted per day does not exceed 50 ml). Nitrofurantoin should not be used during pregnancy, lactation or in children under 1 month of age.

Nitrofurantoin should be used with caution in patients with anaemia, diabetes, electrolyte imbalances and vitamin B deficiencies.

In any case, do not attempt to treat yourself and consult a doctor before starting treatment with the product.

What Are The Side Effects Of Taking Nitrofurantoin?

The most common side effects are nausea, vomiting, fever, rash, dizziness, asthenia, headache, drowsiness, acute allergic pneumonia. Occasionally hepatitis, jaundice, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, peripheral neuropathy, nystagmus, dermatitis and erythema multiforme, reversible alopecia, lupus-like syndrome, angioneurotic oedema, anaphylactic reactions, pancreatitis, gout may occur.

In case of side effects, depending on the severity and type of adverse reaction, consult your doctor immediately or seek medical advice.

How to take the medicine and at what dose

The tablets should be taken by mouth after a meal with plenty of water.
Always consult your doctor before taking this medicine. A different dose than the one indicated below may be necessary. Undertreatment may lead to recurrence of infection.

Nitrofurantoin is usually given to adults in doses of 50-100 mg four times a day. In children, the drug is prescribed at a dose of 5-7 mg/kg body weight per day, divided into 4 doses.

If therapy is prolonged, the dose of nitrofurantoin should be decreased: adults usually receive 50-100 mg once daily (in the evening) and children 1 mg/kg in 1-2 doses. Duration of treatment is usually 7 days.